Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure on Nano Crystalline Materials Behavior
One of the Remarkable Differences between Mechanical Behavior of Nano-Crystalline and Coarse-Grained Materials Is Tension Compression Asymmetry that Has Been Experienced in Nano-Crystalline Materials. In this Paper a Constitutive Model Is Proposed which Considers Dominant Operative Deformation Mechanisms of Nano-Crystalline Materials Including Grain Interior Plasticity, Grain Boundary Diffusion and Grain Boundary Sliding. A Grain Size Dependent Taylor Type Polycrystalline Model Is Used to Predict Grain Interior Deformation. Three Dimensional Relationships Are Proposed to Relate Macro Stress and Strain Rate in Grain Boundary Mechanisms. The Effect of Normal Stress Acting on a Boundary Is Also Considered in Grain Boundary Sliding, Therefore, Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure Is Included in the Model. The Proposed Model Is Used to Predict Strength of Nano-Crystalline Copper in both Tension and Compression and Good Results Are Obtained Comparing with Experimental Data. The Model Also Predicts Various Behaviors of Nano-Crystalline Materials Observed in Literature's Experiments and Molecular Dynamic Simulations. Some Examples Are: Inverse Hall-Petch Effect; Tension and Compression Maximum Strength Grain Sizes; Tension Compression Asymmetry and its Change Vs. Grain Size and Strain Rate and the Yield Locus Shape.
R. Jafari Nedoushan and M. Farzin, "Effect of Hydrostatic Pressure on Nano Crystalline Materials Behavior", Journal of Nano Research, Vols. 18-19, pp. 27-42, 2012