Preparation of Nanocrystalline Ba-Cu-Si Clathrate Powders by Mechanical Milling Using a Process Control Agent
Nanostructured Ba-Cu-Si clathrate powders were synthesized by mechanical milling using different amounts of process control agent (PCA). We investigated systematically the effects of PCA on the phase constitution and crystallite size of nanopowders using X-ray diffraction (XRD) as well as the particle size and morphology by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The PCA increases the powder yield by reducing the powder agglomeration. No detectable reaction occurred between the PCA and the clathrate phase, and thus the composition of the clathrate phase is unchanged after milling. Compared to the powders milled without PCA, the crystalline size of powders with PCA is reduced from about 70 to about 50 nm.
Prof. Andreas Öchsner, Prof. Irina V. Belova and Prof. Graeme E. Murch
A. Zolriasatein et al., "Preparation of Nanocrystalline Ba-Cu-Si Clathrate Powders by Mechanical Milling Using a Process Control Agent", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 29, pp. 121-127, 2014