Spectro-Electrochemical of Detection Anthracene at Electrodeposited Polyamic Acid Thin Films
Polyamic acid (PAA) thin films were prepared by electrodepositing PAA onto indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode and characterized using electrochemical methods (cyclic voltammetry, square wave voltammetry), Ultraviolet Visible spectroscopy and Ultraviolet Visible/Spectro-electrochemistry (UV/vis Spectro-electrochemistry). The electrodeposited PAA thin films were observed to have two redox couples with a formal of 118 mV and 274 mV. The diffusion coefficient (De) determined from cyclic voltammetry was found to be 7.9x10-6 cm2/s and provide a measure of how fast charge is transported through the thin film. PAA showed a broad absorption peak at 214 nm due to the carbonyl chromophores within the polymer and shoulder peak at 293 nm from a quinoid-type chromophore. The calculated band gap of 4.23 eV suggested the polymer was optically transparent between 300 nm to 800 nm. This indicated that the PAA thin films has emerged as a very promising and cost effective alternative material to ITO with good transparent and conductive properties. PAA thin films were further applied for the detection of anthracene. The analytical response of anthracene was studied at the ITO/PAA using spectro-electrochemistry. The characteristic analytical absorbance signal for anthracene was clearly identified at 375 nm when ITO/PAA electrode was polarised at -800 mV (vs Ag/AgCl). The calibration curve for anthracene showed a linear response from 4.95x10-4 to 1.15x10-2 M. The ITO/PAA showed a low detection limit of (0.0068 g/L) and high sensitivity for anthracene, making it a suitable platform for spectro-electrochemical analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
Emmanuel Iheanyichukwu Iwuoha and Priscilla Gloria Lorraine Baker
X. T. Ngema et al., "Spectro-Electrochemical of Detection Anthracene at Electrodeposited Polyamic Acid Thin Films", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 44, pp. 63-78, 2016