Wear Behavior of Multilayer Nanocomposite TiAlSiN/TiSiN/TiAlN Coated Carbide Cutting Tool during Face Milling of Inconel 718 Superalloy


Article Preview

The Inconel 718 superalloy is one of the most-used nickel based superalloys in the aerospace industry due to its superior mechanical properties, for instance, high thermal and chemical resistance, and high strength at elevated temperatures. However, the work hardening tendency, low thermal conductivity and high hardness of this superalloy cause early tool wear, leading to the material to be called as a hard-to-cut material. Therefore, deposition of a wear resistant hard coating on carbide cutting tools has a critical importance for longer tool life in milling operations of the Inconel 718 superalloy. In this study, carbide cutting tools were coated with multilayer nanocomposite TiAlSiN/TiSiN/TiAlN coating using the magnetron sputtering technique, and wear behavior of the coated tool was investigated during face milling of the Inconel 718 superalloy under dry conditions. Abrasive and adhesive wear mechanisms were founded as main failure mechanisms. The nanocomposite TiAlSiN/TiSiN/TiAlN coated carbide cutting tool gave better wear resistance, and thus it provided 1.7 times longer tool life and a smoother surface (Ra<0.18 μm) on the Inconel 718 material than the uncoated one.



Edited by:

Prof. Andreas Öchsner, Irina Belova and Prof. Graeme E. Murch




B. Kursuncu et al., "Wear Behavior of Multilayer Nanocomposite TiAlSiN/TiSiN/TiAlN Coated Carbide Cutting Tool during Face Milling of Inconel 718 Superalloy", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 47, pp. 11-16, 2017

Online since:

May 2017




[1] D. Zhu, X. Zhang, H. Ding, Tool wear characteristics in machining of nickel-based superalloys, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 64, 0 (2013) 60-77.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2012.08.001

[2] H. Tebassi, M. Yallese, R. Khettabi, S. Belhadi, I. Meddour, F. Girardin, Multi-objective optimization of surface roughness, cutting forces, productivity and Power consumption when turning of Inconel 718, International Journal of Industrial Engineering Computations, 7, 1 (2016).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5267/j.ijiec.2015.7.003

[3] T. Sugihara, T. Enomoto, High speed machining of Inconel 718 focusing on tool surface topography of CBN tool, Procedia Manufacturing, 1, (2015) 675-682.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2015.09.010

[4] T. Wakabayashi, Y. Maeda, K. Iwatsuka, T. Yazawa, Tool wear characteristics for near-dry cutting of Inconel 718, Key Engineering Materials, 625 (2014) 282-287.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.625.282

[5] İ. Ucun, K. Aslantas, F. Bedir, The performance of DLC-coated and uncoated ultra-fine carbide tools in micromilling of Inconel 718, Precision Engineering, 41 (2015) 135-144.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.precisioneng.2015.01.002

[6] M. Zetek, I. Česáková, V. Švarc, Increasing cutting tool life when machining Inconel 718, Procedia Engineering, 69, 0 (2014) 1115-1124.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.03.099

[7] N.H. Rafai, M.A. Lajis, N. Hosni, Performance of TiAlN-PVD coated carbide tools in milling AISI D2 hardened steels, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology , 77 (2013) 1481-1485.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.465-466.1098

[8] S. Veprek, P. Holubar, M. Veprek-Heijman, Industrial applications of hard and superhard nanocomposite coatings on tools for machining, Forming, Stamping and Injection Molding, Advanced Materials Research, 1135 (2016) 218-233.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.1135.218

[9] H. Çalışkan, A. Karaoğlanlı, Oxidation behavior of AlTiN/TiN nanolayer hard coating at high temperatures, Acta Physica Polonica A, 125, 2 (2014) 456-458.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.12693/aphyspola.125.456

[10] Y.K. Jeong, M.C. Kang, S.H. Kwon, K.H. Kim, H.G. Kim, J.S. Kim, Tool life of nanocomposite Ti–Al–Si–N coated end-mill by hybrid coating system in high speed machining of hardened AISI D2 steel, Current Applied Physics, 9, 1, Supplement (2009).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cap.2008.08.053

[11] H. Caliskan, C.C. Celil, P. Panjan, Effect of multilayer nanocomposite TiAlSiN/TiSiN/TiAlN coating on wear behavior of carbide tools in the milling of hardened AISI D2 steel, Journal of Nano Research, 38 (2016) 9-17.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/jnanor.38.9

[12] H. Çalışkan, C. Kurbanoğlu, P. Panjan, M. Čekada, D. Kramar, Wear behavior and cutting performance of nanostructured hard coatings on cemented carbide cutting tools in hard milling, Tribology International, 62, 0 (2013) 215-222.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2013.02.035

[13] S. Zhang, J.F. Li, Y.W. Wang, Tool life and cutting forces in end milling Inconel 718 under dry and minimum quantity cooling lubrication cutting conditions, Journal of Cleaner Production, 32, 0 (2012) 81-87.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.03.014

[14] D.G. Thakur, B. Ramamoorthy, L. Vijayaraghavan, Study on the machinability characteristics of superalloy Inconel 718 during high speed turning, Materials & Design, 30, 5 (2009) 1718-1725.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2008.07.011

[15] A. Bhatt, H. Attia, R. Vargas, V. Thomson, Wear mechanisms of WC coated and uncoated tools in finish turning of Inconel 718, Tribology International, 43, 5–6 (2010) 1113-1121.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2009.12.053

[16] H. Li, H. Zeng, X. Chen, An experimental study of tool wear and cutting force variation in the end milling of Inconel 718 with coated carbide inserts, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 180, 1 (2006) 296-304.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2006.07.009

[17] C. Xue, W. Chen, Adhering layer formation and its effect on the wear of coated carbide tools during turning of a nickel-based alloy, Wear, 270, 11–12 (2011) 895-902.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2011.02.018

[18] A. Devillez, F. Schneider, S. Dominiak, D. Dudzinski, D. Larrouquere, Cutting forces and wear in dry machining of Inconel 718 with coated carbide tools, Wear, 262, 7 (2007) 931-942.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2006.10.009

[19] K. -H. Park, G. -D. Yang, D. Lee, Tool wear analysis on coated and uncoated carbide tools in inconel machining, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, 16, 7 (2015) 1639-1645.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-015-0215-x

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.