Proton Charge Transport in Nafion Nanochannels
The Nafion perfluorinated membranes are one of the best electrolytes used in the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC). Some methods have been used to study the electrical properties of Nafion; nevertheless, there are some aspects of the conduction process that are not well understood, such as the contribution of the bulk and the interfacial phenomena to the total proton conduction process. In this work the Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) was employed in a four electrode system to study the protonic charge transport under conditions that simulate the operation of the PEMFC. Two Nafion membranes were evaluated to determine the relation of the activation procedure with the resistance to the protonic charge transference. The results are not only consistent with other measurements but also allow to separate the protonic charge transference process in two stages. Each stage was studied and their electrical parameters were calculated using Electrical Equivalent Circuits.
E. Valenzuela et al., "Proton Charge Transport in Nafion Nanochannels", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 5, pp. 31-36, 2009