Rod-Like Rutile Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Structure and Morphology
Nanodispersed rutile with rod-like particles is synthesized by hydrolysis of TiCl4 in hydrochloric acid - ethanol alcohol aqueous solution. It is found that the specific surface area, crystallite size and degree of agglomeration are determined by molar ratio of ethanol in reaction medium. According to HR-TEM images and XRD data rutile crystallites are preferred oriented along the  axis. The analysis of the Raman spectra for samples with different morphology is performed. The model of rutile nanorods nucleation and growth is proposed.
V. Kotsyubynsky et al., "Rod-Like Rutile Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Structure and Morphology", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 50, pp. 32-40, 2017