Formation of a Hollow Binary Alloy Nanosphere: A Kinetic Monte Carlo Study
Results of kinetic Monte Carlo simulation of the formation of a hollow nanosphere by interdiffusion from a core-shell binary system are presented for the first time. The faster diffusing species is located in the core whilst the slower diffusing species form the shell. With its self-generated vacancy composition all stages of the hollow sphere formation process are observed in our model: interdiffusion, the supersaturation of the core of the nanosphere by vacancies, precipitation of pores and eventual void formation. Results of this simulation confirm the experimental conclusions that interdiffusion accompanied by the Kirkendall effect and Kirkendall porosity is one of the mechanisms responsible for the formation of hollow nano-objects.
Irina V. Belova, Graeme E. Murch and Andreas Öchsner
A. V. Evteev et al., "Formation of a Hollow Binary Alloy Nanosphere: A Kinetic Monte Carlo Study", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 7, pp. 11-17, 2009