Sol-Gel Synthesis and Structural Characteristics of Optical Y3Al5O12:Eu3+ Thick Films


Article Preview

Thick films of Y3Al5O12:Eu3+ were dip-coated on silica substrate from sols. The synthesis was accomplished by using aluminium tri-sec-butoxide, yttrium chloride and europium nitrate as starting materials and isopropanol as solvent. Single-crystalline Y3Al5O12:Eu3+ cubic perovskite thick films were analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction and confirmed by Atomic Force Microscopy observations. The Y3Al5O12:Eu3+ thick film waveguiding properties was studied using an He-Ne laser (632.8 nm) for “m-lines” spectroscopy (MLS), which showed that film thickness and refractive index were 1.3 µm and 1.6385  0.001, respectively, after 1100 °C heat treatment. The increase is associated with film crystallization produced by different heat treatments.



Edited by:

Velumani S., R. Asomoza and Umapada Pal




F. J. Carrillo Romo et al., "Sol-Gel Synthesis and Structural Characteristics of Optical Y3Al5O12:Eu3+ Thick Films ", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 9, pp. 117-124, 2010

Online since:

February 2010




[1] I. Warshaw and R. Roy: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 42 (1959) 434.

[2] J. S. Abell, I. R. Harris, B. Cockayne and B. Lent: J. Mater. Sci. 9 (1974) 527.

[3] E. Garskaite, D. Jasaitis and A. Kareiva: J. Serb. Chem. Soc. 68 (2003) 677.

[4] A. Leleckaite and A. Kareiva: Optical Mater. 26 (2004) 123.

[5] D. Ravichandran, R. Roy, A. G. Chakhovskoi, C. E. Hunt, W. B. White and S. Erdei: J. Luminescence 71 (1997)291.

[6] I. Muliuoliene, S. Mathur, D. Jasaitis, H. Shen, V. Sivakov, R. Rapalaviciute, A. Beganskieneand, A. Kareiva: Optical Mater. 22 (2003)241.


[7] S. Hinojosa, O. Barbosa-García, M. A. Meneses-Nava, J. L. Maldonado, E. de la Rosa-Cruz and G. Ramos-Ortiz: Optical Mater. 27 (2005)1839.

[8] T. Tachiwaki, M. Yoshinawa, K. Hirota, T. Ikegami and O. Yamaguchi: Sol. State Comm. 119 (2001) 603.

[9] D. Hreniak, W. Strek and P. Mazur: Mater. Science 20 (2002)39.

[10] A. Potdevin, G. Chadeyron, D. Boyer and R. Mahiou: J. of Non-Crys. Solids 352 (2006) 2510.

[11] Y. -C. Wu, S. Parola, O. Marty and J. Mugnier: Optical Mater. 27 (2004) 21.

[12] C.J. Brinker, A. J. Hurd, G. C. Frye and C. S. Ashley: J. Non-Crys. Solids 424 (1992)147.

[13] Klug P and Alexander L. E. in: X-ray Diffraction Procedure, edited by Wiley, New York, (1954), Chap. 9.

[14] C. Urlacher, C. Marco De Lucas and J. Mugnier: Syn. Metal. Vol. 90 (1997), p.199.

[15] K.J.D. MacKenzie and T. Kemmitt: Thermochim. Acta 325 (1999)13.

[16] Y. Iida, A. Towata, T. Tsugoshi and M. Furukawa: Vibra. Spectroscopy 19 (1999) 399.

[17] H. Nishihara, M. Haruna and T. Suhara in: Optical Integrated Circuits, McGraw-Hill, New York, (1985), p.363.

[18] R. Ulrich and R. Torge: Appl. Opt. 12 (1973) 2901.

[19] A. García-Murillo, C. Le Luyer, C. Pedrini and J. Mugnier: J. Alloys and Comp. 323-324 (2001) 74.

[20] Y. -C. Wu, S. Parola, O. Marty, M. Villanueva-Ibanez and J. Mugnier: Optical Mater. 27 (2005) 1471.