Properties of Recent Hazardous Waste in Portugal


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Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 230-232)

Edited by:

Teresa Vieira




M. J. Quina and R. M. Quinta-Ferreira, "Properties of Recent Hazardous Waste in Portugal", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 230-232, pp. 400-403, 2002

Online since:

October 2002




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[7] DIN 38414-S4, German Standard method for the examination of water, wastewater and sludge, Sludge and sediments (group S). Determination of leachability by water (S4). Deutche Norm, 464-475, (1984).

[8] Jakob,A., Stucki,S., Struis, RWJ., Complete Heavy Metal Removal from Fly Ash by Heat TreatmentInfluence of Chlorides an Evaporation Rates, Env. Sci. Technol., 30(11), 3275-3283 (1996).


[9] Fallman, A.M., Performance and Design of the Availability Test for Measurement of Potentially Leachable Amounts from Waste Materials, Environ. Sci. Technol., 31, 735-744 (1997).


[10] NEN 7341, Leaching characteristics of solid (earthy and stony) building and waste materials. Leaching tests. Determination of the availability of inorganic components for leaching, Netherlands Standardisation Institute, March (1995).

[11] U.S. EPA, Microwave assisted acid digestion of siliceous and organically based matrices, test Method 3052 of “Test Methods for evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods”, (1996).