Predictions of Elastic Properties of Multi-Axial Warp Knitted Fabric Composites
An analytical model was proposed to predict the elastic properties of multi-axial warp knitted (MWK) fabric composites for three-dimensional structures. The characteristics of MWK fabric composites are the assemblage of multilayers of rovings in the warp, weft and bias directions for in-plane reinforcement and out-of-plane stitches by knitting rovings to provide through-the- thickness reinforcement. For analysis, a representative volume of the MWK fabric composite was identified. The geometric limitations, effects of stitch fibers and design parameters of MWK composites are considered in the model. Then, the elastic properties of MWK fabric composites are predicted by using an averaging method. The experiments are also conducted on the MWK fabric composites to compare the predicted results with the experimental results for the verification of suggested model. The predicted elastic properties are in reasonably good agreement with the experimental values. Finally the effects of design parameters of the MWK fabric composites are discussed.
Kikuo Kishimoto, Masanori Kikuchi, Tetsuo Shoji and Masumi Saka
H. J. Chun et al., "Predictions of Elastic Properties of Multi-Axial Warp Knitted Fabric Composites", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 261-263, pp. 1499-1504, 2004