Surface Effect for Different Types of Materials in Nanoindentation


Article Preview

This paper studies surface effects on the depth-dependent hardness and proposes a novel method to estimate the apparent surface stress from nanoindentation tests. Good agreement is found between the theoretical predictions and experimental data of the depth-dependent hardness, thereby indicating that the apparent surface stress plays an important role in the depth-dependent hardness for various types of materials, such as metals, ceramics, and polymers.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 261-263)

Edited by:

Kikuo Kishimoto, Masanori Kikuchi, Tetsuo Shoji and Masumi Saka




W. H. Xu and T. Y. Zhang, "Surface Effect for Different Types of Materials in Nanoindentation", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 261-263, pp. 1587-1592, 2004

Online since:

April 2004




[1] A. Gouldstone, K.J. Van Vliet, and S. Suresh, Nature, 411 (2001) p.656.

[2] W. H. Xu, D. X. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett., 79 (2001) p.4112.

[3] T. Y. Zhang, W. H. Xu, M. H. Zhao, Acta Mater. in press (2003).

[4] W. D. Nix , H. J. Gao, J Mech. Phys. Sol. 46 (1998) p.411.

[5] T. Y. Zhang, W. H. Xu, J Mater. Res. 17 (2002) p.1715.

[6] W. C. Oliver, G. M. Pharr, J Mater. Res. 7 (1992) p.1564.

[7] Q. Ma and D. R. Clarke, J. Mater. Res. 10 (1995) p.853.

[8] K. W. McElhaney, J. J. Vlassak, and W. D. Nix, J. Mater. Res. 13 (1997) p.1300.

[9] Y. Liu and A. H. W. Ngan, Scripta mater. 44 (2001) p.237.

[10] Data from the homepage of Hysitrom company: www. hysitron. com/webpage2/annealin. htm.

[11] A. K. Bhattacharya and W. D. Nix, Int. J. Solid Structures 24, (1998) p.1287.

[12] D.C. C. Lam and A. C. M. Chong, J. Mater. Res. 14, (1999) p.3784.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.