The Structural Impact Characteristics of Indonesian Railway Vehicle
The Indonesian railway transportation has adventages in term of capacity, efficiency, trafic, and safety compared to the other types of land transportations. At present, the Indonesian Railway Company has 519 locomotives, and 1643 passenger cars, that transport about 184 million man-trip each year[1,2]. Unfortunately, the rate of train collisions in Indonesian railway system was very high. In the last ten years, 2352 train accidents have happened which claimed 997 lives and left 2638 people injured. The record shows that 110 of those accidents were train to train collisions. This paper consider the structural impact behavior of Indonesian passenger railway car subject to collision forces. This characteristic is very important parameter for passenger protection during the course of collision[3-5]. The vehicle structure should be able to absorb the huge impact energy or impact force to ensure the passenger safety[6-9]. The impact energy of cars-train is evaluated using the principle of multibody dynamics[10,11]. The vehicle structure under impact load is analyzed using the finite element method. The principal of symmetry is adopted, so the collision scene could be simulated as collision between the vehicle with a rigid wall. The analysis result shows that the structure is collapse at the passenger area (saloon) which is in agreement with the real collision. Modification is proposed to protect the passenger area by introducing crush zone area and impact energy absorber.
Kikuo Kishimoto, Masanori Kikuchi, Tetsuo Shoji and Masumi Saka
I. W. Puja et al., "The Structural Impact Characteristics of Indonesian Railway Vehicle", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 261-263, pp. 337-344, 2004