The bonding strength of adhesive joints is influenced by the surface roughness of the joining parts. However, the magnitude of the influence has not yet been clarified because of the complexity of the phenomena. In this study, it is showed that surface treatment affects adhesive strength and durability of aluminum/polycarbonate single-lap joints, and loading speed affects tensile-shear strength of adhesive joints. To evaluate the effect of surface treatments on the adhesive strength, several surface treatment methods are used, that is, cleaning, grinding, SiC polishing and sand blasting. It is showed that an optimum value of the surface roughness exists with respect to the tensile-shear strength of adhesive joints. The adhesive strength shows linear relationship with the surface roughness and loading speed. And the mechanical removal of disturbing films of lubricants, impurities and oxides make adhesive strength increase significantly.