Development of a Micro Gyroscope Using Epitaxial Polysilicon and Its Performance Test


Article Preview

This paper presents a design and performance tests of in-plane gimbal-structured Z-axis gyroscope. The device is manufactured by conventional surface micro machining process using 15µm-thickness epitaxially grown polysilicon. The total size of the device is 4.8mm x 4.8mm in area including 1mm x 1mm core gyro structure and pads for wire bonding. It is designed as two-gimbaled structure which separates inner and outer gimbals. This leads two nearly identical modes of gyroscope, i.e. driving and sensing mode, to mechanically decoupled ones, resulting in enhanced performance. Experiments are accomplished through frequency analysis and dynamic tests using a detection circuit, a vacuum chamber and a rate table. Through experiments, it is confirmed that the designed gyroscope has 0.003 deg/sec resolution, 0.00095 deg/sec/ Hz noise equivalent density, 0.57 % FSO nonlinearity error and 0.02 deg/sec bias stability.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 261-263)

Edited by:

Kikuo Kishimoto, Masanori Kikuchi, Tetsuo Shoji and Masumi Saka




W. T. Sung et al., "Development of a Micro Gyroscope Using Epitaxial Polysilicon and Its Performance Test", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 261-263, pp. 495-500, 2004

Online since:

April 2004




[1] W. Geiger, W.U. Butt, et al., "Decoupled Microgyros and the design principle DAVED, ” Sensors and Actuators A 95 (2002) pp.239-249.

DOI: 10.1016/s0924-4247(01)00732-4

[2] K.Y. Park, C.W. Lee, Y.S. Oh, Y.H. Cho, “Laterally Oscillated and Force-balanced micro vibratory rate gyroscope supported by fish hook shape springs, ” MEMS’98, p.455–459.

DOI: 10.1109/memsys.1997.581909

[3] F. Ayazi and K. Najafi, “A HARPSS Polysilicon Vibrating Ring Gyroscope”, J. MEMS, Vol. 10, No. 2. June, 2001, pp.169-179.

DOI: 10.1109/84.925732

[4] S.S. Beak, Y.S. Oh, B.J. Ha, S. D. An, B.H. An. Song, C.M. Song, “A symmetrical Z-axis gyroscope with a high aspect ratio using simple and new process, ” MEMS’99, pp.612-617.

[5] Y. Mochida, M. Tamura and K. Ohwada, “A Micromachined Vibrating Rate Gyroscope with Independent Beams for the Drive and Detection Modes, ” MEMS’99, pp.618-623.

DOI: 10.1109/memsys.1999.746899

[6] A. A. Seshia, R. T. Howe and S. Montague, “An Integrated Microelectromechanical Resonant Output Gyroscope, ” the 15th IEEE MEMS conference, Las Vegas, NV, Jan. 2002, pp.722-727.

DOI: 10.1109/memsys.2002.984372

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.