Information Visualization with Text Data Mining for Knowledge Discovery Tools in Bioinformatics
An abundant amount of information is produced in the digital domain, and an effective information extraction (IE) system is required to surf through this sea of information. In this paper, we show that an interactive visualization system works effectively to complement an IE system. In particular, three-dimensional (3D) visualization can turn a data-centric system into a user-centric one by facilitating the human visual system as a powerful pattern recognizer to become a part of the IE cycle. Because information as data is multidimensional in nature, 2D visualization has been the preferred mode. However, we argue that the extra dimension available for us in a 3D mode provides a valuable space where we can pack an orthogonal aspect of the available information. As for candidates of this orthogonal information, we have considered the following two aspects: 1) abstraction of the unstructured source data, and 2) the history line of the discovery process. We have applied our proposal to text data mining in bioinformatics. Through case studies of data mining for molecular interaction in the yeast and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways, we demonstrate the possibility of interpreting the extracted results with a 3D visualization system.
Kwang Hwa Chung, Yong Hyeon Shin, Sue-Nie Park, Hyun Sook Cho, Soon-Ae Yoo, Byung Joo Min, Hyo-Suk Lim and Kyung Hwa Yoo
J. A. Park et al., "Information Visualization with Text Data Mining for Knowledge Discovery Tools in Bioinformatics ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 277-279, pp. 259-265, 2005