Life Cycle Assessment(Lca) of the Power Generation System for the Establishment of Environmental Management System in Korea


Article Preview

The development of electricity technology from the environmental aspect has become the key factor for competitiveness, i.e., environmental friendliness is one of the most important considerations for technology development. Under the monopolised electric industry of the past, there was little motivation for individual companies to actually manage their company. However, because of the increasing demand for energy and the concerns for the environment, energy policies are shifting towards a sustainable development, which considers both the economics and environmental protection. According to the paradigm shift of the energy policy, it is necessary to compare two major electricity sources from the view of environmental management issues. It is effective with the common dimensionless unit concerning the various environmental categories including the radiological and non-radiological points of view, which can be realized by the new environmental impact assessment methodology such as the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). This study aims at a comparison of the environmental impacts of the nuclear and coal power generation systems using the LCA methodology. These results are very preliminary ones, however, this study will be helpful in making a decision on a long term electricity plan and the energy mix optimization when considering the environmental aspect in Korea and also the power generation companies could enhance their images by showing off their willingness to improve the environmental quality.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 277-279)

Edited by:

Kwang Hwa Chung, Yong Hyeon Shin, Sue-Nie Park, Hyun Sook Cho, Soon-Ae Yoo, Byung Joo Min, Hyo-Suk Lim and Kyung Hwa Yoo




Y. E. Lee, "Life Cycle Assessment(Lca) of the Power Generation System for the Establishment of Environmental Management System in Korea ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 277-279, pp. 667-673, 2005

Online since:

January 2005





[1] Fukasaku Y. Energy and environment policy integration - the case of energy conservation policies and technologies in Japan. Energy Policy 1995; 23(12): 1063-1076.


[2] Lathrop K, Centner T. Eco-labeling and ISO 14000: an analysis of US regulatory systems and issues concerning adoption of type II standards. Environmental Management 1998; 22(2): 163- 172. Title of Publication (to be inserted by the publisher).


[3] Mark G, Partick H, Ruedi M, Renilde. The Eco-Indicator 98 Explained, International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 1998; 3(6): 352-360.


[4] Korea Electricity Power Corporation (KEPCO). 2000. Status of electricity generation. Annual Report. KEPCO, Korea.

[5] International Standardization Organization (ISO). 1997. Environmental management - life cycle assessment - principles and framework. ISO 14040. ISO, Geneva.


[6] Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC). 1993. Guidelines for life cycle assessment: a code of practice. SETAC, Brussels.

[7] van den Berg, N., Dutilh, C., Huppes, G. 1995. Beginning LCA: a guide into environmental life cycle assessment. Center of Environmental Science. Leiden University, Netherlands.

[8] Heijungs, R., Guinee, J., Huppes, G., Lankreijer, R., Udo de Haes, H., Sleeswijk, A. 1992. Environmental life cycle assessment of products - guide and background. Center of Environmental Science. Leiden University, Netherlands.

[9] Wenzel, H., Hauschild, M., Alting, L. 1997. Environmental assessment of products. Chapman & Hall, the U. K.

[10] Lee, K. 1999; A weighting method for the Korean eco-indicator. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4(3), 161-165.

[11] Dreicer, M., Tort, V., Manen, P. 1995a. Externality of energy. Vol. 5: nuclear, ExternE project report. European Commission, Luxembourg.

[12] Korea Electricity Power Corporation (KEPCO). 1998a. Nuclear power generation. Annual Report. KEPCO, Korea.

[13] Korea Electricity Power Corporation (KEPCO). 1998b. Radioactive waste management. Annual Report. KEPCO, Korea.

[14] Ministry of Environment (MOE). 1997. Emission of air pollutants. MOE, Korea.

[15] Korea Energy and Economic Institute (KEEI). 1993. Study on the combination of coal and environmental policy. KEEI, Korea.

[16] Fasella, P. 1995. Externality of energy. Vol. 3: coal and lignite. ExternE project report. European Commission, Luxembourg.

[17] Korea Accreditation Board (KAB). 1999. Development of Korean eco-indicator. Document of public hearing on environmental management. KAB, Korea.

[18] British Nuclear Fuel Plc. (BNFL). 1999. Discharges and monitoring of the environment. Annual Report. BNFL, The U. K.

[19] Curran, M. 1996. Environmental life cycle assessment. McGraw-Hill, USA.