Structural and Catalytic Properties of the Alkali Metal Ion-Exchanged Y-Zeolites by 29Si and 27Al Solid-State NMR and FT-IR Spectroscopy
A series of cation exchanged Y-zeolites were prepared by exchanging cations with various alkali (M+, M= Li, Na, K, Cs) metals. The structural and catalytic properties of the alkali metal exchanged Y-zeolites have been investigated by a number of analytical techniques. Comparative elemental analyses were determined by an Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy X-ray (EDS), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) before and after cation substitution. The framework and non-framework Al coordination and the Si/Al ratios of the Y-zeolites were investigated by MAS Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The Al NMR spectra were characterized by two 27Al resonance signals at 12 and 59 ppm, indicating the presence of the non-framework and framework Al respectively. The intensities of these resonances were used to monitor the amount of the framework and non-framework Al species in the series of exchanged zeolites. The 29Si NMR spectra were characterized by four resonance signals at -79, -84, -90, and -95 ppm. Changing the alkali metal cations in the exchanged Y-zeolites significantly altered the extent of the octahedral/tetrahedral coordination and the Si/Al ratio. The Fourier Transform Infrared spectra of the CO2 adsorbed on to the exchanged Y-zeolites showed a low frequency shift, as the atomic number of the exchanged alkali metal increased. In addition, the catalytic activity of these samples for NOx reduction were tested in combination with a non-thermal plasma technique and interpreted based on the above structural and spectroscopic information.
Kwang Hwa Chung, Yong Hyeon Shin, Sue-Nie Park, Hyun Sook Cho, Soon-Ae Yoo, Byung Joo Min, Hyo-Suk Lim and Kyung Hwa Yoo
C. S. Lee et al., "Structural and Catalytic Properties of the Alkali Metal Ion-Exchanged Y-Zeolites by 29Si and 27Al Solid-State NMR and FT-IR Spectroscopy ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 277-279, pp. 708-719, 2005