Signal Characteristics of Biophoton Emission from Human Hands
The signal characteristics of the biophotons from human hands were studied using correlation and δ-value analyses. Three healthy individuals without any history of disease participated in the measurements, six times every Friday for 52 weeks, while staying in a room with dim lighting to eliminate any delayed luminescence caused by the sun or room lights. Two head-on type photomultiplier tubes inside a dark room were used to simultaneously measure the biophoton emissions from the palm and dorsum of the left and right hand with a 100ms gate time. In view of the signal process, a cross-correlation of the long-term data, i.e. the weekly measurements, revealed a strong correlation between the signals from the left and right hand, yet only a very weak correlation between the palm and dorsum. The non-classical light property of the biophotons, that has a quantum coherence nature, was compared with that of the dark counts of the PMTs using a δ- value analysis. The average δ-value for the biophotons was 0.08±0.07. As such, it was found that the palm emissions were very coherent, while the dorsum emissions showed an occasional lack of coherence.
Kwang Hwa Chung, Yong Hyeon Shin, Sue-Nie Park, Hyun Sook Cho, Soon-Ae Yoo, Byung Joo Min, Hyo-Suk Lim and Kyung Hwa Yoo
H. H. Jung et al., "Signal Characteristics of Biophoton Emission from Human Hands", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 277-279, pp. 96-101, 2005