Sonochemical Synthesis of Silicon Nanocrystals
Silicon nanocrystals in a range from 2 nm to 5 nm were prepared from Zintl salt, soldium silicide (NaSi) by sonochemical method. This synthesis permits that the reaction be completed in only a few hours and the easy alkyl-modification of nanocrystals surface at room temperature and ambient pressure. The average size of nanocrystals measured by the dynamic light scattering analysis was 2.7 nm. The high-resolution transmission electron micrograph confirmed the material identity of nanocrystals as crystalline silicon. FT-IR spectra are consistent with the surface states of nanocrystals that are chlorine-or butyl-capped. The emission peak center moved to a longer wavelength (up to 430 nm) with the reaction time, under a 325 nm excitation.
Kwang Hwa Chung, Yong Hyeon Shin, Sue-Nie Park, Hyun Sook Cho, Soon-Ae Yoo, Byung Joo Min, Hyo-Suk Lim and Kyung Hwa Yoo
S. J. Lee et al., "Sonochemical Synthesis of Silicon Nanocrystals", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 277-279, pp. 995-999, 2005