Preparation of Porous Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds
Porous hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramic scaffolds were prepared using three-dimensional (3-D) gel-lamination technology with sodium lauryl sulfate as foaming agent and lauryl as foaming stabilizing agent. With gelling system of sodium alginate and calcium chloride, the foamy HA slurry was gelled layer by layer on the 3-D gel-lamination machine to prepare the porous ceramic scaffolds. The viscosity of the foamy ceramic slurry was examined. After sintering, the porous HA bioceramic was characterized in terms of the porous microstructure and mechanical properties. The experimental results demonstrated that the resultant porous ceramic with appropriate pore size, porosity characters, mechanical properties and bioactivity could be obtained.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
J. M. Tian et al., "Preparation of Porous Hydroxyapatite Scaffolds", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 1541-1544, 2005