Mechanical Properties of Macroporous Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Bioceramics Fabricated Using a Porogen
Macroporous biphasic calcium phosphate bioceramics, for use as bone substitutes, have been fabricated by cold isostatically pressing and conventional sintering, using naphtalen or saccharose particles to produce macropores. The resulting ceramics, composite materials made of hydroxyapatite and b-tricalcium phosphate containing ~ 45% macropores and ~ 25% micropores, have been submitted to compression and three-point bending tests, toughness tests by single-edge-notched-bending, and spherical indentation tests. A new model is established to describe mechanical properties as a function of the amount and morphology of porosity, and propositions are made to optimise the fabrication procedure. Finally, those highly porous ceramics, although very brittle, exhibit a damage-tolerant contact behaviour, due to the compaction of the porous body under the indenter.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
J. F. Castagné et al., "Mechanical Properties of Macroporous Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Bioceramics Fabricated Using a Porogen", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 1549-1554, 2005