A Tensile-Load Relaxation Test for Measuring the Stress Enhanced Corrosion Exponent of Ceramics with Open Porosity
A tensile test is proposed for evaluating the stress enhanced corrosion-coefficient of ceramics with open porosity. The analysis of load at fixed grip conditions bases on the assumption that stress corrosion results in a spread of pre-existing generalised damage seen as micro-crack starter due to open porosity. Sub-critical crack extension of microcracks departs from pores and provokes a time dependant diminution of the Young’s modulus, and of the stiffness, of the tested sample. The description derives the number and the size of pre-existing micro-cracks with respect to time. The density of microcrack-nuclei results from the process and belongs to the microstructure, i.e., the number of channels or crack starters, and is considered to remain constant. The rate of diminution of the load is considered, either with respect to the initial one or to a deduced stress intensity factor. Simple relationships yield then an approximate diagram for stress enhanced corrosion. Samples resulting from sintering a mixture of alumina and titania powders were tested under tempered water flow. A stress corrosion exponent, n = 16, near to that of alumina was obtained.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
F. Osterstock and O. Vansse, "A Tensile-Load Relaxation Test for Measuring the Stress Enhanced Corrosion Exponent of Ceramics with Open Porosity", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 1751-1756, 2005