A Novel Approach for Metal Surface Modification
A new approach was developed for surface modification of metallic surface. By treating nano-zirconia particles and metal surface in different charge state, nano-zirconia particles can be dispersedly inlaid in metal surface owing to electrostatic and nanometer effects. By using this method, metal components of complex shapes, especially those having inside surfaces, might be easily improved, i.e., enhanced surface hardness and wear rate.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
Z. J. Cao et al., "A Novel Approach for Metal Surface Modification", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 1805-1806, 2005