Dielectric and Piezoelectric Properties of Na0.42K0.08Bi0.5 TiO3 and Na0.45K0.05Bi0.5TiO3 Ceramics
Na0.42K0.08Bi0.5TiO3 and Na0.45K0.05Bi0.5TiO3 ceramics were fabricated by the solid-state reaction. The structures were determined by X-ray diffraction. Dielectric, ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of the ceramics were measured and discussed. The ceramics have a single perovskite phase with rhombohedral symmetry at room temperature. The thermal variations of the permittivity follow the law 1/ e − 1/ em = C(T − Tm)2 which is the character of typical relax ferroelectrics, when temperature is higher than the temperature of the maximum of dielectric constant (Tm). The depolarization temperature (Td) of spontaneous polarization is 215oC for Na0.45K0.05Bi0.5TiO3 and 152oC for Na0.42K0.08Bi0.5TiO3 respectively. There exist two different dielectric behaviors of the Na0.42K0.08Bi0.5TiO3 ceramic, without and after poling. Na0.45K0.05Bi0.5TiO3 possesses relatively high kt and Td. The use for device application has been indicated.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
S. C. Zhao et al., "Dielectric and Piezoelectric Properties of Na0.42K0.08Bi0.5 TiO3 and Na0.45K0.05Bi0.5TiO3 Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 251-254, 2005