Effect of BaCO3 and Pb3O4 on Properties of BaTiO3-Based PTCR Ceramics


Article Preview

High-performance PTCR ceramics with low resistivity (8Ω.cm) at room temperature and around four orders magnitude of the PTCR jump were obtained by adding BaCO3 and Pb3O4(B-P) in BaTiO3. The influence of adding B-P on the sintering behavior, the microstructure and the electrical properties of BaTiO3-based PTCR was investigated. The phase constituent in the sintered ceramics was analyzed by XRD and it was shown that the metallic layered Ba3Pb2O7 phase was synthesized during the sintering. Analysis suggested that making the weak reduction atmosphere at the grain boundary may decrease the grain-boundary resistivity.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 280-283)

Edited by:

Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li




W. B. Ma et al., "Effect of BaCO3 and Pb3O4 on Properties of BaTiO3-Based PTCR Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 349-352, 2005

Online since:

February 2007





[1] J. Daniels, K.H. Haerdtl and R. Wernicke: Philips Technical Review Vol. 38 (1978), p.73.

[2] S.B. Desu and D. A Payne: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. Vol. 73 (1990), p.3407.

[3] H. Ueoka and M. Yodogawa: IEE Trans. Manuf. Technol. MFT-3 Vol. 3 (1974), p.77.

[4] S.M. Su, L. -y. Zhang, H.T. Sun and X. Yao: J. Am. Ceram. Soc. Vol. 77 (1994), p.2154.

[5] K. Nozaki, M. Kawaguchi, K. Sato and M. Kuwabara: J. Mater. Sci. Vol. 30 (1995), p.3395.

[6] M. Takada, S. Umino and K. Hayashi: J. Jpn. Inst. Metals Vol. 56 (1992), p.303.

[7] H.B. Brom: Superconductivity Vol. 4 (1994), p.235.

[8] A. Chen, Y. Zhi and Y. Bao: J. Phys. Condensed Matter Vol. 6 (1994), p.7921.

[9] M. Kuwabara, H. Nagata, K. Nakao, R. Liang and M. Takeo: J. Mater. Sci. Lett. Vol. 8 (1989), p.411.

[10] L.F. Matthesis: Phys. Rev. B Vol. 42 (1990), p.359.

[11] R.J. Cava, H. Takagi, H.W. Zandbergen, B. Hessen, J.J. Krajewski and W.F. Peck: Phys. Rev. B Vol. 46 (1992), p.14101.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.46.14101