Advanced Hybrid Ion Conducting Ceramic Composites and Applications in New Fuel Cell Generation
Our developments on ceramic composite conductors have experienced about 15 years from the oxyacid-salts oxide proton-based conductors, non-oxide containment salts, the ceria-based composite electrolytes, hybrid proton and oxygen ion conductors and nano-composites. A special emphasis is paid to new functional nano-composites based on hybrid proton and oxygen ion conductors that have demonstrated advanced properties and fuel cell applications, e.g., excellent ionic conductivity of 0.01 to 1 Scm-1 and performances of 200 - 1000 mWcm-2 for temperatures achieved for fuel cells between 400 and 700°C. Some proton and oxygen ion conducting mechanisms in the materials are reviewed and discussed. The hybrid ion conduction and dual electrode reactions and processes create a new generation fuel cell system.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
B. Zhu "Advanced Hybrid Ion Conducting Ceramic Composites and Applications in New Fuel Cell Generation", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 413-418, 2005