Surface Modification of Long Afterglow Sr4Al14O25: Dy,Eu Phosphor by Silica Coating
In order to improve water resistance of phosphors and the stability of particles in aqueous suspensions, the phosphor particles were coated with varying amounts of silica via the hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate. The composite particles were characterized by transmission electron spectroscopy, BET N2 gas adsorption, sedimentation time studies and fluorescent spectrometer. The specific surface area of the silica-coated phosphor particles showed a non-systematic increase. In comparison to the uncoated phosphor (3.65m2/g), silica coatings of 13, 25, 50, 75wt% yielded specific surface areas of 15.19, 14.29, 37.90 and 226.12 m2/g respectively. This behavior can be explained based on a heterocoagulation coating mechanism in which silica clusters adsorb onto the phosphor particles surface. The sedimentation data display the stability of the coated particles improved as the silica content increased. The excitation and emission spectra show that the luminescent properties of the phosphors are unimpaired or even better. The optimum luminescent properties obtained when coating 50wt% silica after calcining at 400oC.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
J. P. Yan et al., "Surface Modification of Long Afterglow Sr4Al14O25: Dy,Eu Phosphor by Silica Coating", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 509-512, 2005