The Factors Affecting Colloidal Processing of 8YSCZ Ceramics
To achieve improvements in the mechanical properties, fine grain size, homogeneous microstructure and high density are desirable. The poor dispersion of the powders produce difficulties in the densification and the presence of agglomerates is responsible for poor mechanical properties. Slurry casting is an important colloidal processing method for the ceramic industry and helps to prevent the agglomeration of fine particles. In the present study, the effect of processing parameters, namely solid content, dispersing agent concentration, slurry viscosity and milling time on slurry casting of 8YSCZ ceramics were investigated and optimum values were determined. The results showed that ceramic powder used was castable under limited conditions. The effect of shaping processon sintering behaviour and microstructure was also investigated for slurry-cast and die-pressed specimens. The results showed that specimen processed by slurry-casting had a faster sintering rate and lower sintering temperatures, compared to die-pressed specimen. The reason for better sintering was due to the homogeneous dispersion of the powder and elimination of agglomerates in slurry-cast specimen.
Wei Pan, Jianghong Gong, Chang-Chun Ge and Jing-Feng Li
S. Tekeli and M. Gürü, "The Factors Affecting Colloidal Processing of 8YSCZ Ceramics", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 280-283, pp. 729-734, 2005