Preparation of Bioactive Coatings on the Surface of Bioinert Polymers through an Innovative Auto-Catalytic Electroless Route
The aim of this research was to develop a new methodology to obtain bioactive coatings on bioinert and biodegradable polymers that are not intrinsically bioactive. In this study, three types of materials were used as substrates: (i) high molecular weight polyethylene (HMWPE) and two different types of starch based blends (ii) starch/ethylene vinyl alcohol blends, SEVA-C, and (iii)starch/cellulose acetate blends, SCA. These materials were obtained by injection moulding and by extrusion with blowing agents in order to obtain compact/porous 3D architectures. Three types of baths were developed in order to produce the newly proposed auto-catalytic Ca-P coatings: (i)alkaline, (ii) acid, and (iii) oxidant bath. The obtained results indicated that it was possible to coat the materials surfaces with calcium phosphate (Ca-P) layer with only 60 min of immersion in the different types of auto-catalytic solutions. These innovative auto-catalytic electroless route allows for the production of an adherent bioactive film on the polymeric surfaces. Furthermore, it was possible observe by SEM/EDS the clear bioactive nature of the Ca-P coatings after different immersion periods, in a simulated body fluid (SBF).
Panjian Li, Kai Zhang and Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.
J. M. Oliveira et al., "Preparation of Bioactive Coatings on the Surface of Bioinert Polymers through an Innovative Auto-Catalytic Electroless Route ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 284-286, pp. 203-206, 2005