Nanoscale Morphology of Apatite Precipitated onto Synthetic Hydroxyapatite from Simulated Body Fluid

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Dense, polycrystalline, synthetic hydroxyapatite (HA) was incubated for 36 days in modified simulated body fluid (SBF) with increased HCO3 - and reduced Cl- ion concentrations (27 and 120 mM, respectively) closer to actual blood plasma than typical SBF. The resulting precipitated apatite layer was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurements and found to be nonstoichiometric, calcium deficient (Ca/P~1.06), non-carbonate containing, and of intermediate hydrophilicity (advancing contact angle, qa=76.5±1.3°). The nanoscale surface topography of the SBF-incubated HA sample was imaged by tapping mode atomic force microscopy (TMAFM), observed to be ≤100 nm in thickness, and composed of three distinct morphologies. These topographically distinct regions were localized within individual grains and facets of the initial HA surface and included: hemispherical, globular structures (maximum lateral dimension, d=44.7±12.7 nm, peak-tovalley height, h=3.6±2.7 nm); elongated, needle-like structures (minimum lateral dimension, w=31.0±8.5 nm, d=104.4±31.1 nm, h=5.0±3.2 nm), and regions of larger, irregularly shaped structures that were relatively smooth (d=504.9±219.1 nm, h=104.0±51.7 nm).

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Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 284-286)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Panjian Li, Kai Zhang and Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.

Pages:

497-500

Citation:

J. Vandiver et al., "Nanoscale Morphology of Apatite Precipitated onto Synthetic Hydroxyapatite from Simulated Body Fluid ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 284-286, pp. 497-500, 2005

Online since:

April 2005

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$38.00

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