Biomechanical, Radiomorphometric Evaluation of CaO-SiO2-B2O3 Glass-Ceramics in a Rabbit Lumbar Fusion Model
The purpose of our study is to compare the biodegradation and osteoconduction between CaO-SiO2-B2O3 glass-ceramics(CS10B) and hydroxyapatite(HA), tricalcium phosphate(TCP). Porous CS10B implants were prepared by polymer sponge method. Single-level posterolateral spinal fusions were performed on thirty rabbits. The animals were divided into three groups by implant material: HA, TCP and CS10B. Radiographs checked every two weeks. All animals were sacrificed 12 weeks after surgery. The proportion of the area occupied by ceramics in final radiography on the initial radiography was calculated. Uniaxial tensile strength was measured on 7 cases in each group. The proportion of the area of HA(88.7%±16.1) was significantly higher than those of the others(p<0.05), and the proportion of the area of CS10B(28.2%±9.3) was significantly lower than those of HA and TCP(37%±9.6)(p<0.05). The mean values of tensile strength of the HA(191.4±33.5 N) and CS10B(182.7±19.9 N) were significantly higher(p<0.05) than those of the TCP(141.1±28.2 N). CS10B showed the tensile strength of fusion masses similar to those of the HA, however, more rapid biodegradation than HA and TCP. These findings suggest that CS10B grafts have the possibility as a bone graft substitute.
Panjian Li, Kai Zhang and Clifford W. Colwell, Jr.
J. H. Lee et al., "Biomechanical, Radiomorphometric Evaluation of CaO-SiO2-B2O3 Glass-Ceramics in a Rabbit Lumbar Fusion Model ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 284-286, pp. 905-908, 2005