Microwave Sintering and Infiltration of Highly Porous Silicon Nitride Ceramics to Form Dense Ceramics
A new processing route for porous b-Si3N4 –ceramics suitable as substrates for Si3N4 functionally graded materials, FGM`s with an environmental barrier coating, EBC, is described. Such materials could be useful for operation at temperatures up to 1650°C in combustion engines, where oxidation and corrosion under hydrothermal conditions cause severe damage of known dense Si3N4-ceramics. The new process is based on microwave sintering of a-Si3N4–Yb-silicate green parts to obtain up to 60% open porous b-Si3N4 pre-forms equilibrated at high temperature with respect to the RE-silicate content, followed by Si-melt infiltration. A sufficient wetting by molten silicon is achieved by coating the inner surface of the porous pre-form with amorphous carbon prior to infiltration. The influence of different green processing parameters and different heating methods - microwave heating and conventional heating – on the porosity of the pre-form is reported. Infiltration is performed by microwave heating of the carbon coated pre-forms, whereas for nitridation both heating processes are combined.
Hai-Doo Kim, Hua-Tay Lin and Michael J. Hoffmann
M. Willert-Porada et al., "Microwave Sintering and Infiltration of Highly Porous Silicon Nitride Ceramics to Form Dense Ceramics ", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 287, pp. 171-176, 2005