Mechanical Properties and Related Histological Alterations of Engineered Tendons In Vivo
The purpose of this research is to find out the interaction between histological alterations and mechanical properties of engineered tendon implanted in situ. Defects of 0.5cm-1.0cm were made at deep flexor tendons by surgical procedure. Engineered tendons using degradable scaffolds polyglytic acid (PGA) mesh and tendon cells were implanted to repair the defects. Chickens were killed respectively at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 6 weeks, and 8 weeks after surgery. The implants were taken out for histological examination, biomechanical test, and collagen synthesis assay. The results showed that after surgery the PGA scaffolds degraded fast and took precedence of collagen synthesis. There were not enough amount and maturation of the collagen fibers of the new tendon at 2-8 weeks after surgery. The biomechanical properties of new tendons were less than those of the normal tendon. Therefore, it is necessary to construct engineered tendons with better degradation rate of scaffolds and suitable biomechanical stimulation so that more collagen synthesis and better biomechanical properties of new tendons can be developed early after implantation.
Xingdong Zhang, Junzo Tanaka, Yaoting Yu and Yasuhiko Tabata
T. W. Qin et al., "Mechanical Properties and Related Histological Alterations of Engineered Tendons In Vivo", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 288-289, pp. 11-14, 2005