Effect of Fibrin/Collagen Matrix on Osteogenic Differentiation of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells
Fibrin is a natural polymer with excellent biocompatibility and widely used as a cell delivery vehicle in tissue engineering. However, fibrin of low concentration is not able to promote cell growth and differentiation within a desired time because of contraction and biodegradation of cell-seeded matrices. In this study we investigated effects of combining fibrin with collagen on growth and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Rabbit BMSCs-populated fibrin hydrogels with or without collagen were fabricated and cultured by the free floating method for 4 weeks. The DNA content of fibrin/collagen matrix significantly increased the growth of BMSCs compared to the fibrin-only matrix at 2week. Alkaline phosphatase activity was significantly higher in the fibrin/collagen matrix (71.0 nmol of p-nitrophenol /min/disc) than the fibrin-only matrix (45.1 nmol of p-nitrophenol /min/disc). Deposition of calcium was not significantly different between two groups. Histological examination also revealed more matured organization and deposition of collagen fibers and more concentric calcium deposition in the fibrin/collagen matrix compared to the fibrin-only matrix. These results indicated that fibrin/collagen matrix could be more effective than fibrin alone in supporting growth and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs.
Xingdong Zhang, Junzo Tanaka, Yaoting Yu and Yasuhiko Tabata
Y. I. Yang et al., "Effect of Fibrin/Collagen Matrix on Osteogenic Differentiation of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 288-289, pp. 35-38, 2005