Fracture Toughness Enhancements through Stress Shielding in Functionally Graded SiC-TiC Composites
It is often the case that the low fracture toughness of polycrystalline ceramics limit the load-bearing capabilities of components made from such materials. In an effort to improve the fracture toughness of a SiC-TiC composite material, a novel stress-shielding approach was adopted so as to reduce the effective mode I stress intensity around a crack tip within the composite body. To this end, a series of functionally graded materials were produced, with samples having a preselected spatial SiC-TiC composition variation. The spatial composition variation within each sample was set up according to one of several exponential mathematical functions. In this way the resultant spatial variation in thermal expansion coefficients was also controlled through the thickness of the material, and a particular stress and strain distribution could be tailored within the body. Samples with tailored near-surface compressive stress states showed a significant improvement in c KI , as measured by means of a flexure test, in comparison with stress-free samples of a homogeneous composition corresponding to the composition found at the test-point within the gradient materials.
J. Dusza, R. Danzer and R. Morrell
J. H. Liversage et al., "Fracture Toughness Enhancements through Stress Shielding in Functionally Graded SiC-TiC Composites", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 290, pp. 129-134, 2005