The basic requirement for the use of a ceramic coating is sufficient adhesion to its substrate. A measure of the adhesive properties of a coating is the interfacial fracture toughness. The test method applicable for interfacial fracture toughness measurements depends on the mechanical properties of the material system and the geometry of the test piece. In this work, indentation methods have been evaluated for the estimation of the fracture toughness of ceramic thermal barrier coatings on metallic substrates. Coatings of 100 to 300 µm thickness were applied by electron beam – physical vapour deposition. The performed test types were Vickers indentation at the interface of polished cross sections of the coating system and Rockwell indentation with a brale C indenter, penetrating the coating perpendicular to the surface. Both tests generate delamination, in which the delamination crack length corresponds to the interfacial fracture toughness. Fracture surfaces and cross sections of the fractured coatings were investigated by optical and scanning electron microscope. Determined fracture toughness values are discussed with respect to the loading conditions in the test and the fracture process – i.e. interaction between indenter and coating system and the crack propagation path.