PZT Ceramics Prepared from Two Phase Gels
[Pb(Zr,Ti)(OAc)x(OR)y] acetate-alkoxide precursor was prepared by chelating from organic Pb, Zr and Ti alkoxides by their dissolution in various amounts of acetic acid (AcOH). The optimum mole ratio of (Pb+Zr+Ti) to AcOH for preparation gel is 1:7 and a pure perovskite phase is formed at 500 °C. At a low AcOH concentration, two-phase (pyrochlore and perovskite) regions are formed during gellation. During sintering, the decomposition of a pyrochlore phase and the formation of a perovskite phase takes place Dependences of dielectric permitivities and losses on temperature in final PZT ceramics were very similar and they were not influenced by the type of calcinate.
J. Dusza, R. Danzer and R. Morrell
J. Briančin et al., "PZT Ceramics Prepared from Two Phase Gels ", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 290, pp. 353-357, 2005