Effect of Hydrogen Absorption on the Mechanical Properties of Palladium
The mechanical properties of palladium (Pd) wire absorbed hydrogen were evaluated by the quasi-static tension test and indentation test. The electrolytic method was used for hydrogen absorption. Pd wire with a diameter of 1mm was used. The electrolyte was a sulfuric acid solution and the current density used in the electrolytic method was 200mAcm-2. The hydrogen absorption ratio defined by the molecular ratio (H/Pd) of hydrogen and palladium was controlled by the absorption time. The gauge length for the tension test was 20mm. The ultimate tensile strength increased with the increase of the absorption ratio. On the other hand, the increase of the ratio decreased the strain hardening parameter and fracture strain. A model considering the specimen absorbed hydrogen and a composite material constructed in a concentric configuration was suggested to estimate the hydrogen absorption area and mechanical properties. The indentation test was conducted to clarify the evolution of the embrittlement due to the hydrogen absorption microscopically and determine the absorption area precisely. Vickers hardness clearly increased with the increase of the hydrogen absorption ratio. The hardness distribution was measured to detect the boundary of the absorption and non-absorption area using a Berkovich indenter that is smaller than a Vickers indenter. The hardness boundary of the absorption and non-absorption of the specimen with the hydrogen absorption ratio of 22 percent was observed experimentally at the position around 100-150μm from the outside of the specimen. The position of the boundary estimated using the model was 85μm from the outside of the specimen. When the stress-strain curves of the specimen with the unknown hydrogen absorption ratio were measured, the hydrogen absorption ratio could be estimated using the proposed model.
Young-Jin Kim, Dong-Ho Bae and Yun-Jae Kim
M. Yamaya et al., "Effect of Hydrogen Absorption on the Mechanical Properties of Palladium ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 297-300, pp. 2713-2719, 2005