Laser Surface Cladding of Al-Si Alloy
The mixture of Ni based alloy powder and WC particles were used as a feeding material to modify the surface properties of cast Al-Si alloy using a CO2 continuous transverse flow laser beam with maximum power of 10 kW. Microstructures and chemical components of the laser surface cladding (LSC) layers were studied using SEM, XRD, TEM and EDS. It is shown that the LSC layers were composed of γ-（ Ni, Cr, Fe, W）matrix phase and many enhancing phases, such as Ni2Al3, Ni3Al, WC, W2C, Cr2B, etc.. The microstructure of the LSC layers was greatly affected by the scanning rate b V and the powder of feeding rate p m under the same laser power. With the increasing of b V and p m , the dissolution phenomenon of WC particles was improved; the length, the diameter and the amount of the acicular constituent were markedly reduced. Microhardness and wear resistance tests were also performed: the average microhardness of the LSC layers was around 5.1 to 5.9GPa, which was five times higher than that of the Al-Si substrate. The wear resistance of the layer was about 20 times as big as that of cast Al-Si alloy when P=6kW, b V =13.3mm s-1, p m =100mg s-1, L=500N. The results showed that the mechanical properties of LSC layers on cast Al-Si alloy can be markedly enhanced with proper processing parameters. However, due to the sudden change of physical and mechanical properties between laser modified layer and substrate, some defects, especially crack, actually occur in the surface modified layer and the interface zone. And finally Ni/WC surface gradient layer was obtained on cast Al-Si alloy through thrice laser scanning technique. The microhardness of the laser gradient layer gradually changed from surface to substrate, so that it can reduce stress concentration in the whole laser surface layer, especially in the interface zone.
Young-Jin Kim, Dong-Ho Bae and Yun-Jae Kim
X. Cai et al., "Laser Surface Cladding of Al-Si Alloy ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 297-300, pp. 2813-2818, 2005