Fracture Toughness Measurement of a Micro-Sized Single Crystal Silicon
Reliability is one of the most critical issues for designing practical MEMS devices. In particular, the fracture toughness of micro-sized MEMS elements is important, as micro/nano-sized flaws can act as a crack initiation sites to cause failure of such devices. Existing MEMS devices commonly use single crystal silicon. Fracture toughness testing upon micro-sized single crystal silicon was therefore carried out to examine whether a fracture toughness measurement technique, based upon the ASTM standard, is applicable to 1/1000th sized silicon specimens. Notched cantilever beam type specimens were prepared by focused ion beam machining. Two specimens types with different notch orientations were prepared. The notch plane/direction were (100)/, and (110)/[ ＿ ,110], respectively. Fracture toughness tests were carried out using a mechanical testing machine for micro-sized specimens. Fracture has been seen to occur in a brittle manner in both orientations. The provisional fracture toughness values (KQ) are 1.05MPam1/2 and 0.96MPam1/2, respectively. These values meet the micro-yielding criteria for plane strain fracture toughness values (KIC). Fracture toughness values for the orientations tested are of the same order as values in the literature. The results obtained in this investigation indicate that the fracture toughness measurement method used is applicable for micro-sized components of single crystal silicon in MEMS devices.
Young-Jin Kim, Dong-Ho Bae and Yun-Jae Kim
S. Koyama et al., "Fracture Toughness Measurement of a Micro-Sized Single Crystal Silicon ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 297-300, pp. 292-298, 2005