Limit Load Interaction of Welded Piping Branch Junctions Subjected to Combined Internal Pressure and Bending
Systematic detailed non-linear finite element (FE) analysis are described for limit load interaction of piping branch junctions subjected to internal pressure and bending. The results show that for the tees with a small diameter ratio, the limit load interaction closes to the linear expression; as diameter ratio d/D increasing, the interaction relationship tends to parabolic equation; for the piping branch junction with diameter ratio equaling to unit, the limit load combinations is approximately quadratic. Compared to the individual limit bending value, internal pressure slightly increases the bending capability as it is in the range of 0.2£P/PL£0.4, especially for the cases of the main pipe with thinner wall. A closed limit load solution is obtained from the FE results through accommodating the geometrical parameter influence, and validated by using experimental results.
Young-Jin Kim, Dong-Ho Bae and Yun-Jae Kim
F. Z. Xuan et al., "Limit Load Interaction of Welded Piping Branch Junctions Subjected to Combined Internal Pressure and Bending", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 297-300, pp. 685-690, 2005