Penetration Behavior of Chloride Ions into Concrete in Coastal Areas
Exposure test on chloride ion penetration behavior into Concrete in coastal area was implemented. The distances between concrete specimens and coast were changed in the range from 50 to 150 meters, and water-cement ratios (W/C) were 45, 55, 60 and 65 %. The total chloride ion content at each different depth from surface of concrete specimen was measured at the age of 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8 and 10 years. In this paper, apparent diffusion coefficient (D) and chloride ion content on surface of concrete (C0) were calculated by inverse analyses from the measured total chloride ion content, and the chloride ion penetration behavior was simulated using the calculated D and C0. As a result, the chloride ion penetrated in concrete with a W/C of 60 % at a point 50 m from the sea for 10 years was estimated approximately 0.2 kg/m3.
Nai-Qian Feng and Gai-Fei Peng
Y. Masuda et al., "Penetration Behavior of Chloride Ions into Concrete in Coastal Areas", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 302-303, pp. 584-590, 2006