The use of composite materials in structural engineering is recent, and researchers need to investigate their behavior features. A new unit of multi-ribbed composite wall is introduced. A multi-ribbed composite wall is the main bearing-load member in multi-ribbed slab structures (MRSS). The bearing-load characteristics and seismic properties of the wall are different from those of other ordinary concrete members In order to study seismic behavior and durability of Multi-ribbed composite walls, experiments of 26 pieces of composite walls under cyclic loading were carried out, and then the hysteretic model of shear force–shear deformation is established. The hysteretic curves of typical composite walls are calculated. The calculated curves agree well with the experimental ones. The damage model is quantified. This study introduces a quantitative analysis means for evaluating seismic behavior aspects of damage and durability of multi-ribbed composite walls.