Buckling Analysis of Cylindrical Shells Having a Longitudinal Crack


Article Preview

The presence of cracks or similar imperfections can considerably reduce the buckling load of a shell structure. In this paper, buckling analysis of cylindrical shells with a longitudinal crack is presented. Numerical buckling analyses of cylindrical shells were performed using FEM, and verified by experiment. The numerical analyses and experiments were conducted for several crack lengths and radius of curvature, and two different boundary conditions were applied, i.e. simply support and clamp in all sides. The results show the effect of the presence of crack to the critical buckling load of the shells. There are good agreements between experimental and numerical results.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 306-308)

Edited by:

Ichsan Setya Putra and Djoko Suharto




T. Dirgantara et al., "Buckling Analysis of Cylindrical Shells Having a Longitudinal Crack", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 306-308, pp. 49-54, 2006

Online since:

March 2006




[1] Sih GC, Lee YD. Tensile and compressive buckling of plates weakened by cracks, Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics v 6, 1986, pp.129-38.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-8442(86)90033-9

[2] Starnes, James H. Jr., Rose, Cheryl A., Nonlinear response of thin cylindrical shells with longitudinal cracks and subjected to internal pressure and axial compression loads Source, Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics & Materials Conference, v 3, 1997, pp.2213-2223.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.1997-1144

[3] Starnes, James H. Jr., Rose, Cheryl A. Buckling and stable tearing responses of unstiffened aluminum shells with long cracks, Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics & Materials Conference, v 3, 1998, AIAA-98-1991, pp.2389-2402.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2514/6.1998-1991

[4] H.E. Estekanchi, A. Vafai., On The Buckling of Cylindrical Shells with Through Cracks Under Axial Load, Thin-Walled Structures, v 35, 1999, pp.255-274.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0263-8231(99)00028-2

[5] Vaziri, A. Nayeb-Hashemi, H.; Estekanchi, H.E. Buckling of the Composite Cracked Cylindrical Shells Subjected to Axial Load, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Pressure Vessels and Piping Division (Publication) PVP, v 470, 2003, pp.87-93.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/imece2003-43476

[6] Purbolaksono, J and Aliabadi, M.H., Buckling of Cracked Plates, Advances in Fracture and Damage Mechanics, Key Engineering Materials, v 251-252, pp.153-157, (2003).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/kem.251-252.153

[7] T. Dirgantara, I.S. Putra, Rosihan, B. P. S. Sunaryo., Experimental Buckling Analysis of Cracked Plates, Proceeding of Regional Conference on Aeronautical Science, Technology and Industry (RC-ASTI), Bandung, 2004, pp.339-348.

[8] Chajes, Alexander, Principal of Structural Stability Theory. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, (1974).