The FEM Simulation and Full-Scale Blast Tests for Crack Deceleration in Gas Pipeline


Article Preview

Preventing pipeline from rapid crack propagation is a critical issue to avoid casualties and disasters. In this paper, by combining the energy balance theory with FEM simulation and arrest criteria, the numerical analysis is developed to solve the problem of crack dynamic propagation in gas pipeline. This simulation, in combination with the full-scale blast tests, provides a broad prediction of the dynamic fracture process. The crack tip opening angle (CTOA) criterion is consummated through the comparison between CTOA in FEM calculation and the critical value of (CTOA)C obtained by the experiment. The result of the simulation for the crack speed and location is consistent with data by Alliance and Japanese full-scale blast tests.



Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 306-308)

Edited by:

Ichsan Setya Putra and Djoko Suharto




C. Y. Huo et al., "The FEM Simulation and Full-Scale Blast Tests for Crack Deceleration in Gas Pipeline", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 306-308, pp. 85-90, 2006

Online since:

March 2006




[1] Toshihisa Nishioka, Hiroyuki Tokudome, Masahiro Kinoshita. Dynamic fracture-path prediction in impact fracture phenomena using finite moving finite element method based on Delaunay automatic mesh generation, Int. J. of Solids and Structures, 000(2000).


[2] Maxey, W. A. (1974). Fracture initiation, propagation and arrest. In: Proceedings of the 5 th symposium in Line Pipe Research, American Gas Association, Houston, USA, J1-J31.

[3] Kanninen, M.F., Leung, C.P., O'Donoghue, P.E., et al. (1992). Joint final report on the development of a ductile pipe fracture model. In: Proceeding of Pipeline Technology Conference, Virginia, 38-66.

[4] Eiber, R.J., Maxey, W.A. (1977). Full-scale experimental investigation of ductile fracture behavior in simulated arctic pipeline. ASME Grey Rocks Symposium, Materials Engineering in the Arct-ic ASM, Metals Park, Ohio, 306-310.

[5] Wilkowski, G.M., Maxey, W.A., Eiber, R.J. (1980). Use of the DWTT energy for predicting ductile fracture behavior in Control-Rolled Steel Line Pipes. Can. Met. Quart., V. 19, 59-77.


[6] Eiber, B., Eiber, R., Carlson, L., et al. (2000). Fracture propagation control for the alliance pipeline, In: Proceedings of the Special Party of ASME, Langfang, China, 1-34.

[7] O'Donoghue, P.E., Green, S.T., Kanninen, M.F. and Bowles, P.K. (1991).

[8] Zhuang, Z., O'Donoghue, P.E. (2000). The Recent Development of Analysis Methodology for Crack Propagation and Arrest in the Gas Pipelines. Int. J. of Fracture, 101(3), 269-290.

[9] Zhuang, Z., O'Donoghue, P.E. (2000). Determination of Material Fracture Toughness by a Computational/Experimental Approach for Rapid Crack Propagation in PE Pipes. Int. J. of Fracture, 101(3), 251-268.

[10] O'Donoghue, P.E., Zhuang, Z. (1999). A finite element model for crack arrestor design in gas pipelines, Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures, 22(1), 59-66.


[11] Zhuang, Z., Guo, Y.J. (1999). The Analysis for Dynamic Fracture Mechanism in Pipelines. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 64: 271-289.


[12] Hiroyuki MAKINO, Takahiro KUBO, Toyoaki SHIWAKU, et al. Prediction for crack propagation and arrest of shear fracture in Ultra-High pressure natural gas pipelines, , In: Proceedings of the Special Party of ASME, Langfang, 2000: 103-118.