Organ Regeneration in Porous Hydoroxyapatite
HA has a high affinity for bone as well as various tissues. In the present study, we investigated an affinity for abdominal organs. Coralline hydroxyapatite ceramic (HA, cubic structure 4x4x4mm, Interpore 500) was used in this experiment. We made two incisions in the lower back of a 5-week-old male nude mouse, and implanted HA blocks. One was placed around the liver at the right side and another one was placed around the kidney at the left side. The organ fibrous capsule was not removed. At 6 weeks after implantation, mice were sacrificed under overanesthesia and HA blocks were retrieved and prepared for histological analysis. In the HE stain of HA blocks around liver, liver tissue is invaded into the HA pore areas. Hepatocyte proliferation in trabecular pattern was seen in contact with the surfaces of many HA pores. Within some pores, hepatic lobular pattern, Glisson sheath or central vein could be detected. In the HA around kidney, renal tissue was observed in many pores. The pore areas of HA were fullfilled with grumerulus and urinary tube tissues. In contact with the surfaces of some HA blocks, the tissue invasion of pancreas and spleen tissue were recognized. These results indicate that porous HA has a high affinity for the celiac organs, and has a stimulatory effect on celiac organ regeneration. Especially, concerning the regeneration of kidney, it has not been reported yet, so this report is very interesting. HA is also very useful as a scaffold of the organ regeneration.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
N. Okumura et al., "Organ Regeneration in Porous Hydoroxyapatite", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 1017-1022, 2006