Preparation of Bioactive Cellulose/Hydroxyapatite Composite Tapes
A composite material consisting of cellulose and HAp was prepared using coagulation of a native cellulose suspension. Composite tapes with a HAp content below 50 vol.% exhibit a gradient of filler particles across the cross-section of the sample due to gravity force that causes sedimentation of HAp, as long as the viscosity of the suspension is below a critical level during the coagulation process. According to gravimetric and solution analysis as well as SEM, the filler content influences the amount and uniformity of HCA precipitated in the surface of the tape. With increasing content of filler in the cellulose matrix, the apatite growth from SBF is promoted, due to a higher amount of HAp particles that serve as nucleation sites.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
F. A. Müller et al., "Preparation of Bioactive Cellulose/Hydroxyapatite Composite Tapes", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 1173-1176, 2006