In Vitro Bioactivity Characterization of K-Mica-Fluorapatite Based Glass Ceramics Containing Varying Amount of TiO2 Addition
The purpose of this study is to investigate the crystallization behavior and in-vitro bioactivity character of glass ceramics having 3:7 weight ratio of flourapatite (Ca5(PO4)3F) to potassium mica (K2Mg3AlSi3O10F2) as a function of titania addition, and compare the morphology of hydroxycarbonateapatite (HCA) layer formation depending on titania addition on ceramic composition. It is observed from microstructural investigations that there is no morphology change occurred on precipitated HCA layer depending on nucleating agent in glass-ceramics. TF-XRD analysis indicates that after precipitation of initial particulates, crystallization proceeds and crystallization of precipitated HCA phase increases by increasing the time. It is observed that Ca, P ion variation in solution has two stage in terms of precipitation’ first stage represents formation of amorphous HCA and the second stage is related with crystallization. FTIR analysis strongly supports TF-XRD analysis as well.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
G. Göller et al., "In Vitro Bioactivity Characterization of K-Mica-Fluorapatite Based Glass Ceramics Containing Varying Amount of TiO2 Addition", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 321-324, 2006