Development of Nanophase β-Tricalcium Phosphate/Collagen Fiber Composites for Improving Cell Adhesion and Proliferation

Abstract:

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A novel porous beta-tricalcium phosphate /collagen fibers (β-TCP/CF) composite, having a well-dispersed nano-sized β-TCP in collagen matrix, was developed by a wet-chemical method. The nano-composite was compared to conventional β-TCP on cytocompatibility by cell attachment, proliferation, alkaline phosphotatse (AKP) activity and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis. These in vitro assays showed that the β-TCP/CF composite elicited cell adhesion and proliferation better then controls. Moreover experiments on osteoblast-like cells showed improved cell growth with the highly characterized nanophase structure. SEM micrographs also showed that the nano-sized composite exhibited much more viable cells in attachment on the surface compared with the controls. At 1, 3 and 5 days, AKP activity was not significant different for the tested and control samples, while at 7 day after culture, significantly increased AKP activity was observed for β-TCP/CF than for the control. The in vitro results obtained confirmed the remarkable improvement of cell adhesion and proliferation of the nano-sized β-TCP/CF composite, which may be a new promising candidate for tissue engineered bone substitute.

Info:

Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 309-311)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo

Pages:

581-584

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.309-311.581

Citation:

B. G. Guan et al., "Development of Nanophase β-Tricalcium Phosphate/Collagen Fiber Composites for Improving Cell Adhesion and Proliferation ", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 581-584, 2006

Online since:

May 2006

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Price:

$35.00

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