The historical developments of the fracture mechanics from planar theory to threedimensional (3D) theory are reviewed. The two-dimensional (2D) theories of fracture mechanics have been developed perfectly in the past 80 years, and are suitable for some specific cases of engineering applications. However, in the complicated 3D world, the limitation of the 2D fracture theory has become evident with development of the structure toward complication and micromation. In the 1990’s, Guo has proposed the 3D fracture theory with a 3D constraint factor based on the deformation theory and energy theory. The proposed 3D theory can predict accurately the fracture problems for practical and complicated engineering structures with defects, by integrating the 3D theory of fatigue, which has been developed to unify fatigue and fracture. Our efforts to develop the 3D fracture mechanics and the unified theory of 3D fatigue and fracture are summarized, and perspectives for future efforts are outlined.